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CORPORATE CARVE UP: UK COMPANIES IN IRAQ : DIRECTORY OF COMPANIES

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1. Adam Smith International

Consultants

£4,147,331 from DfID[1].

Involved in several Iraqi ministries, including 'reviewing PSP [private sector participation] options for the Ministry of Municipalities and Public Works.'[2]


2. AD Consultancy

PO Box 153, Sutton, Surrey SM39WF

Private security.[3]


3. Aegis Defence Services

Private security

£246.52m

Three-year $430m Pentagon contract to coordinate the top military/security companies in Iraq: 'a workforce the size of a military division; and may rank as the largest corporate military ever assembled' (June 2004, extended by another year in 2005).'[4]

Turnover of Aegis has gone from £554,000 (2003), to £62m (2005); three-quarters of this from work in Iraq.[5]


4. Aggreko

Power

Provided Bechtel with 21MW of Emergency Diesel Generators (June 2003)[6]

Since then 'have secured further contracts across Iraq to supply power projects'.[7]


5. AKE Group

Private security

'Another of the major companies operating in Iraq... Formed by Andrew Kain after he left the UK’s SAS in 1991'.[8]


6. ALSTOM

Power

Are 'carrying out wide ranging operational upgrade contracts for older gas turbine plant installed at two major power stations in southern Iraq, as the nominated contractor to two US-based prime contractors'.[9]


7. AMEC

Power/water

£500m (approx)

Subcontractor on $154m Fluor contract to restore electrical power systems (Feb 2004)[10]

Joint contract with Fluor to 'provide design-build services for construction, rehabilitation, operation, and maintenance of power generation facilities' $500m from USAID (March 11 2004)[11]

Joint contract with Fluor to 'provide design-build construction services for water resource projects in the northern and southern regions of Iraq' $500m and $600m from USAID (March 11 2004)[12]

Unknown sum from Centcom contract;[13] 'Federal spending in Iraq has helped Amec make a positive start to 2005.' (May 2005)[14]


8. ArmorGroup

Private security

£11,471,284

Received unknown sum from Bechtel for 'Temporary services for unexploded ordnance' (April 2003)[15]; £1,314,000 for FCO security (July 2004)[16]; £5,300,000 from DfID (Global Conflict Prevention Pool) for Iraqi police mentoring[17] (June-Dec 2004); £4,857,284 for phase two of Iraq police project (March-August 2005)[18]. Malcolm Rifkind (formerly UK Foreign Secretary, Defence Secretary) is non-executive chairman[19].


9. Baker Wilkins

Construction

Won an 'undisclosed contract' (April 2003)[20]. Operated in Iraq for 30 years; pulled out in 1987. Has ruled out sending personnel (2005)[21]


10. BBC World Service Trust

Media

£6.7m from DfID for 'Re-establishment of radio and television broadcasting capacity in the four southern governorates.'[22]


11. Bell-Pottinger

Public relations

£3,016,000 from DfID (GCPP) 'promoting democracy' before July 2004 elections (March 2004)[23]


12. Birks Sinclair & Associates

Consultants

£0 for 'Iraq Directorate Framework Agreements Social Development Sector'[24]; specialises in 'socio-economic development'.


13. B-Plan Information Systems

Software

£4.5m

£1m for computer network for Sulaimani university in North Iraq.[25] £3.5m to supply software to hospitals (December 2004).[26] Have provided technology and services to: 'Ministry of Education, Erbil; Iraqi Ministry of Municipalities and Public Works; University of Suleimani; Suleimani - Land Registry and Taxation Offices; Asia Cell; Kurdistan National Assembly.'[27] A spin-off company from Manchester Royal Infirmary. Shirko Abid, co-founder and chief exec, long-term opponent of Saddam, and associate of the PUK party.[28]


14. BP Global

Petroleum

£2.866m

$5m (estimated) 'To help conduct technical studies providing the ministry with advice, analysis and training for Rumaila field'. (Jan 2005)[29]


15. British Council

Teaching, consultants

£3,131,151 from DfID[30] for projects including 'Education Team to Support Coalition Provisional Authority'; Iraq: Political Participation Fund; Iraq: Civil Society Fund

Removed anti-war articles from its website, September 2005[31]


16. Chiltern Broadcast Management

Media

£1,370,000 from DfID, via GCPP, for management of Iraqi Media Network.[32]


17. Conren

Materials

£20,000 contract to supply 'specialist coatings for an American-run airbase'. (June 2004)[33]


18. Control Risks

Private security

£23.5m

Unknown proportion of $500m; subcontractor for Parsons USAID buildings contract.[34] (March 2004). £23.5m from UK government for protection squads; figure disputed by CR (March 2004)[35]

'One of the largest British PSCs [Private Security Companies] in Iraq'[36]; 2004 turnover £80m[37]. Has over 250 personnel in Iraq (June 2005)[38].


19. Costain

Construction[39]

Working for the Kurdish Regional Government on three contracts worth £15m, near Erbil (May 2005).[40]


20. Crown Agents for Overseas Government

Procurement, consultants

£8m

£4,642,112 from DfID[41] for projects including 'Support to Iraq Coalition Provisional Authority'; 'DfID Secondee to Iraq Coalition Provisional Authority'; 'Senior Advisor to Ministry of Electricity'. £3.35 from DfID, via GCPP, for support to Ministry of the Interior; police oversight.[42] Crown Agents is a privatised body, run by a foundation. Members include Barclays, BCCB, Securicor, Standard Chartered, Unilever, Tate&Lyle; as well as Christian Aid, Co-op and British Council. As Crown Agents Consulting (Washington)

Unknown sum for 'procurement, transport and warehouse management of goods and materials' as subcontractor for USAID contractor International Resources Group, $38m (2003)[43]


21. Cummins UK

Power

£25.8m

$45m from sale of power stations.[44] 'To date we have supplied four power stations: 2MW for the Forum in Baghdad, 4MW for the El Rasheed Hotel (USAID), 5MW for the airport and 8MW for the US army.'


22. Datasat

Telecomms

'Working on several projects all around data and voice communications infrastructure and services' (Nov 2003)[45]; a 'major telecoms contract' according to Mike O'Brien, Foreign Minister for Trade (Nov 2003).[46]


23. De La Rue

Financial

Printed the new Iraqi Dinar (Nov 2003)[47]. Shares rose 9% on news of Dinar contract (2003)[48]. De La Rue 'never disclosed the size or value of the Iraq contract'. Profits 2004: £53.5m; 2003: $48.1[49]. Sir Jeremy Greenstock, former UK special representative to Iraq (2003-4) is a non-executive director.[50]


24. DfID: anonymous contractors

£1,155,068.[51]

25. Dynamic Processing Solutions

no website

Petroleum

£12m+ (approx)

Part of consortium developing Khurmala Dome oil field in North Iraq, in a $136m (£72m) deal; the first contract awarded by post-Saddam Ministry of Oil (December 2004).[52] 'It is the most substantial contract in our company's history.' (DPS engineering manager).[53] DPS have probably received $20-30m of this.


26. Eaton Electric Europe

Power

Have base in Iraq, (as Westinghouse US and MEM UK), as of June 2005. Formed consortium with Iraq company Al-Ghufran, plus Santec and Glantre.[54]


27. Enterplan Ltd

Consultants

£4,531,591 from DfID.[55]

Projects include: Analytical Economist for the UN; Economic Management; Non Food Subsidies Policy Adviser; Advisor on the Fiscal Impacts of Transition.[56] Partners with many major companies, including KPMG, Crown Agents, Vodaphone and PriceWaterhouseCoopers.[57]


28. Erinys

Private security

£86m

$50m from US Army Corps of Engineers. $100m to protect oil fields (2003 to December 2004)[58]


29. ERIS

Consultants

£61,012 from DfID for 'Public Information Adviser' (November 2004).[59]


30. European Land Solutions

Private security

Cleared landmines for Bechtel and other USAID contractors (July 2003).[60]


31. Exploration Consultants (ECL)

Petroleum

Unknown sum to carry out an 'integrated reservoir study for Kirkuk oil field' for the Ministry of Oil.[61]


32. Foster Wheeler UK



Shinfield Park, Reading, Berkshire RG2 9FW

Construction, power

$8.5m 'Provide program management office support for the oil sector' (March 2004)[62]


33. Global Risk Strategies

Private security

£15.48m

Has 2,000 staff in Iraq.[63] Received $27m contract to distribute new Dinar (May 2004).[64] Guarded part of Baghdad airport (May 2004).[65]


34. Halcrow

£6,815,441

Construction, consulting

£1,712,956 from DfID for projects including 'Set up of the Coalition Provincial Authority'.[66] $8.9m (£5,102,485) for 48 DfID reconstruction projects in South Iraq.[67] Unknown sum for Bechtel USAID subcontract.[68] Unknown proportion of CH2M Hill and Parsons' $28.5m.(March 2004)[69] Have refurbished government buildings in Nasiriyah, Amarah and Samawah (Feb 2006). Want to build Baghdad metro.[70] Team leader in Iraq (William Newcombe) got OBE (December 2004)[71]

Tony Allum, chair, is head of UK Iraq Industry Working Group, and also father of the co-owner of Olive Security.[72]


35. Hart Group

Private security

'Largest security company in Southern Iraq'.[73]


36. Hedra Consortium

Consultants.

£ 245,540 from DfID for CPA 'Governance Teams Facilities Managers'.[74] Major firm; fee income grew by 23% in 2003[75]


37. HSBC

Financial

Has bought 70% of Dar es Salaam Investment Bank, (which has assets of $91.1m)[76]. HSBC share is therefore £36,881,225. HSBC profit from Middle East business rose 25% in 2004.[77]


38. HTS Development (now HTSPE)

Consultants

Part of DfID's Iraq 'Framework Arrangements Infrastructure'.[78]


39. Inclarity Plc

Telecomms

£10m (approx)

Subcontractor to Asia Cell, Kuwait (Jan 2004), providing mobile services.[79] 'Most of the £18 million company's revenue comes from the Iraq business.' Operated in North Iraq during 'safe haven'.(Oct 2005).[80]


40. Janusian Security Risk Management

Private security

Has run secure trade missions to Baghdad. Part of Risk Advisory Group. Allegedly recruits 'almost directly from British military'.[81] Close ties with US think-tank the RAND corporation.[82]


41. Kroll Associates

Private security

Has provided 'security for USAID' (Nov 2003)[83]


42. Llewelyn Davies Yeang

Architects

Helping to prepare a master plan for rebuilding of holy city of Najaf, for the Ministry of Public Works (formerly worked on Milton Keynes). Have received an unknown proportion of the initial £1.6m development.[84]


43. Maxwell Stamp

Abbots Court, 34 Farringdon Lane, London EC1R 3AX

Consultants

£3,208,096 from DfID for 'Economic Reform (phase one)'.[85]


44. MerchantBridge

Financial, consulting

Appointed 'lead advisor' to Iraq Ministry of Industry and Minerals for their 'Lease of Industrial Factories Programme.' (Jan 2004)[86] Launched Mansour Bank (Sep 2005), capitalised at $38.5m; 90% from Iraqi investors.[87]


45. Minimal Risk

Private Security

Have done security training in Iraq for DfID; also subcontracted by another security firm to carry out the 'recruitment, deployment, communications, training, risk assessments and day to day operational management' for UK government security teams'.[88]


46. Mott MacDonald

Power/water

£1,237,311 from DfID for emergency infrastructure, water advisor and 'Southern Iraq employment and services programme' (2003-2005).[89] Unknown fee to produce a briefing for the MoD 'identifying the key issues to the reconstruction work required in the Basra region of Iraq.'[90] Managing the £20m DfID emergency infrastructure project in Southern Iraq (March 2004)[91] In talks to take over work done by the Royal Engineers, in the event of an army pull-out.[92]


47. Mowlem

Construction

£3m, for Basra hotel refurbishment (Nov 2003)[93]


48. Nottingham University

Education

£609,300 from DfID for human rights programme, Sep 2004 to Nov 2005[94]


49. Olive Security

Private security

Unknown sum from Bechtel for the 'prepositioning and fact-finding phases' of USAID work (April 2003).[95] 'Existing agreement' meant contract not awarded competitively.[96] Turnover massively up (2004: £10.6m; 2003: £6.4)[97] Jonathan Allum is son of chair of Halcrow; allegedly had a role in securing the Bechtel contact.[98]


50. Oxford University

Education

Participated in archaeology consortium; total USAID budget, $4,131,274.[99]


51. PA Consulting Group

Consultants

Part of two DfID framework agreements, covering environmental policy and infrastructure, (June 2004)[100]. Are involved with UK ID scheme.[101]

As Infrastructure and Development Services

£427,548 from DfID for 'emergency response fund', (April 2005)[102]


52. PB Power (Parsons Brinckerhoff UK and Parsons US)

Power

£24.88m

$43.4 contract to 'Provide program management office support for the electrical services sector' (March 10 2004).[103]


53. Petrel Resources (Anglo-Irish)

Petroleum

£56.6m

Awarded $197.4m (£113.17m) contract to develop Subba and Luhais oil fields by Ministry of Oil (September 2005)[104]. Have formed a joint venture with Makman oil and gas, in which each will take 50%.[105]


54. Powertecnique

Power

Unknown sum, for supplying two 3MVA diesel generators in Abu Al Kasib (June 2005)[106]. Listed as 'success story' by UKTI.[107]


55. Schneider Electric UK

Power

Has office in Iraq (June 2005).[108] Exhibited at Rebuild Iraq 2004.[109] On trial over bribery in Lesotho (2003).[110]


56. Scott Wilson

Engineering

Unknown share of a $160m contract from the Kurdish Regional Government (KRG), designing a new airport for Erbil, North Iraq, with Turkish company Mak-Yol. Completed 'concept' in May 2004. Phase two will involve creating a new runway and terminal, for an eventual capacity of 1.5 million passengers/35,000 tonnes of freight per year.[111]


57. Serco

Services

£7.5m

'£5m a year' for 18-month USAID airport management contract (2004).[112] Major donor to Save the Children UK, which allegedly muted criticisms of the Iraq war under pressure from its US wing (Nov 2003).[113]


58. Shell (Anglo-Dutch)

Unknown sum 'To help conduct technical studies providing the ministry [of oil] with advice, analysis and training for Kirkuk field' (Jan 2005). Working on Gas Master Plan with ministry of oil.

Are also involved with developing the Maysan field in the south.[114] Had been in Iraq from 1920s, until assets nationalised in 1973.[115].


59. Siemens

Power

Unknown fee from USAID, for work on Daura power plant, 'one of the most important electrical projects in the country'.[116]. Pulled out in April 2004.[117] As of June 2005, working in Iraq with Iraqi and non-Iraqi staff[118]


60. Solace Enterprises

Consultants

Unknown fee as sole UK subcontractor for US firm Research Triangle Institute to 'develop local institutions' (Nov 2003)[119]. Iraq mission included Gurbux Singh, fired former head of the Commission for Racial Equality.[120]


61. Standard Chartered

Financial

Part of consortium running the Trade Bank of Iraq, created by the CPA (August 2003).[121] Pulled out all British staff in May-June 2004.[122] Iraqi holdings were nationalised in the 1950s.[123]


62. TQ Education & Training

Education

$10m contract from the Ministry of Electricity to train staff in 'English language, management, IT and training' (Feb 2005). Support from UKTI and British Embassies 'was invaluable'.[124]


63. UCL, Development Planning Unit

Consultants

£221,556 from DfID for supplying two senior advisors, in the fields of public works (2003).[125]


64. United Mesopotamia for Security

Private security

British/Iraqi company. Offices in Jordan and 'Northern England'.[126]


65. University of London

Consulting

£62,148 from DfID for help guiding the 'Political Participation Fund' (May 2004)[127]


66. Weir

Unknown sum for a 'Small contract' doing oil assessments, as a subcontractor for KBR.[128] Have been in Iraq since May 2003.[129] Made £2.5m from oil-for food contracts under Saddam.[130]

References

[1] DfID: 'Contracts let by Procurement Department', 2003-2006

[2] 'Enterprise and utility reform',

[3] 'Revealed: Britain's arms deal with Iraq', The Scotsman, 15 February, 2004,

[4] 'From Mercenaries to Peacemakers?', Corporate Watch (US), 29/11/05,

[5] 'Dog of War Builds £62m Business', Sunday Times, 05/02/06,

[6] 'Power for Umm Qasr Port', Aggreko press release, 9th June 2003,

[7] 'First off the blocks' , Gulf Construction number 13, 2004, ; 'Iraq contracts power Aggreko' FT, June19, 2004

[8] 'Out of the shadows? "Silent partners" deliver safety and security in a dangerous world', Pipeline Magazine, (September 2005)

[9] Alstom profile, Power Companies in Iraq, UKTI, June 2005

[10] 'AMEC Wins Leading UK Role in Rebuilding Iraq', AMEC press release, 17/02/04

[11] Iraq Relief and Reconstruction Fund (IRRF) -- Major Project Contractors, 2004,

[12] Iraq Relief and Reconstruction Fund (IRRF) -- Major Project Contractors, 2004, ; 'Exports to Iraq rise 150% in first half of year', FT, September 27, 2005

[13]

[14] 'Iraq Boost for Amec', Building Magazine, 18/05/05,

[15] 'Bechtel Awards Subcontracts But Iraq Work Slowed By Storms 5/5/03, Engineering News-Record,

[16] 'Occupiers Spend Millions on Private Army of Security Men', The Independent, 29/03/04

[17] Development Assistance in Iraq: Interim Report, House of Commons International Development Committee, April 2005, p66

[18] Development Assistance in Iraq: Interim Report, House of Commons International Development Committee, April 2005, p.67

[19] 'Sir Malcolm Rifkind Appointed Chairman of ArmorGroup', ArmorGroup press release, 13/04/04,

[20] 'Iraq', Parliamentary Debates, 10 November 2003,

[21] 'Iraqi firms come to UK to build alliances' Building Magazine, 11/02/05,

[22] Development Assistance in Iraq: Interim Report, House of Commons International Development Committee, April 2005, p53

[23] Development Assistance in Iraq: Interim Report, House of Commons International Development Committee, April 2005, p64

[24] DfID: 'Contracts let by Procurement Department', 2004,

[25] 'B-PLAN RANKED 12th IN THE DELOITTE FAST 5O TECHNOLOGY AWARDS', B-Plan press release, 19/11/03,

[26] 'B-Plan boost's Iraq's revival', Manchester Evening News,16/12/04

[27] 'B-Plan Information Systems enable modernisation in Iraq', UKTI success story

[28] 'Kurdistan's Dilemma', BBC, 31/10/02, ; 'Attacks on Kurds in Iraq kill 56', Deseret news, 02/02/04, ,1249,590040303,00.html

[29] 'BP chosen to conduct Iraq oilfield study', Iraq Development Programme, 16/01/05

[30] DfID: 'Contracts let by Procurement Department', 2003-2006

[31] 'Paid for by the British Council, claim that UK tested cluster bombs on Iraqi civilians', Telegraph, 25/09/05

[32] Development Assistance in Iraq: Interim Report, House of Commons International Development Committee, April 2005, p65

[33] 'Conren wins Iraq base contract', Western Mail, 24/06/04,

[34] Iraq Relief and Reconstruction Fund (IRRF) -- Major Project Contractors, 2004,

[35] 'A fistfull of contractors', British American Security Council, 04/09/0, p.9

[36] 'HSBC eyes stake in Iraqi bank', Times, January 29, 2005

[37] 'HSBC eyes stake in Iraqi bank', Times, January 29, 2005

[38] Control Risks profile, Power Companies in Iraq, UKTI, June 2005

[39] BuildingMagazine,

[40] 'Iraq Contracts for Costain', 25/05/04,

[41] DfID: 'Contracts let by Procurement Department', 2003-2006

[42] Development Assistance in Iraq: Interim Report, House of Commons International Development Committee, April 2005, p64

[43] U.S. GOVERNMENT IRAQ RECONSTRUCTION, PRIME CONTRACTS AND SUBCONTRACTS AWARDED, 14/11/03, ;'Crown Agents in Iraq', July 2003,

[44] Cummins profile, UK Power Companies in Iraq, UKTI, June 2005

[45] 'Iraq', Parliamentary Debates, 10 November 2003,

[46] 'British Companies must play their part in Iraq - Speech by Mike O'Brien - Foreign Minister for Trade', 21/22/03, CAABU,

[47] 'Iraq', Parliamentary Debates, 10 November 2003,

[48] 'British firm De La Roue tapped to print “Swiss” dinar,' 20/7/2003, Baghdad Bulletin

[49] 'De La Rue cashes in on Iraq business', This is Hampshire,

[50] 'about us', ,2682,,00.html

[51] DfID: 'Contracts let by Procurement Department', 2003-2006

[52] 'Baghdad seals oil deal with 3-nation grouping', 24/12/04, Financial Times,

[53] '70m Iraq oil deal for West', Western Daily Press , 30/12/04

[54] Eaton Electric profile, UK Power Companies in Iraq, UKTI, June 2005

[55] DfID: 'Contracts let by Procurement Department', 2003-2006

[56] 'Projects: ecnomic development'

[57] 'Partner organisations',

[58] 'Out of the shadows? "Silent partners" deliver safety and security in a dangerous world', Pipeline Magazine, (September 2005)

[59] DfID: 'Contracts let by Procurement Department', 2003-2006

[60] U.S. GOVERNMENT IRAQ RECONSTRUCTION, PRIME CONTRACTS AND SUBCONTRACTS AWARDED, 14/11/03,

[61] 'Shell form agreement for Kirkuk oil study (15/01/05)', Iraq Development Programme,

[62] 'Britons keen to work in Iraq, says project firm', Telegraph, May 21

[63] 'War’s fertile grounds for soldiers of fortune', Sunday Times, 30/10/05,

[64] 'The Baghdad boom', Economist, 25/03/04,

[65] 'Don't call us mercenaries, says British company with lucrative contracts and cheap labour', Guardian, 17/05/04, ,11816,1218365,00.html

[66] DfID: 'Contracts let by Procurement Department' ,2003

[67] 'Basra sories', Building Magazine19/03/04,

[68] U.S. GOVERNMENT IRAQ RECONSTRUCTION, PRIME CONTRACTS AND SUBCONTRACTS AWARDED, 14/11/03,

[69] 'US firms win more Iraq contracts', BBC, 11/03/04,

[70] 'Rail plan back on track', This is Wiltshire, 04/02/06,

[71] 'Iraq honours list', Downing St news room, 04/12/04,

[72] Rebuilding Iraq: Allum in the family, Private Eye, No. 1086, 8-21 August 2003

[73] Hart profile on Iraq Development Programme, 2004,

[74] DfID: 'Contracts let by Procurement Department', 2003

[75] 'Survey: Booming market, but uncertain outlook', Management Consultancy, 03/01/04,

[76] HSBC press release, 28/10/05,

[77]

[78] 'Current framework agrements',

[79]

[80] 'How to set up shop in Africa,' Times, 26/10/05, ;'Inclarity Connects Northern Iraq to the Rest of the World', 17/01/04,

[81] profile 'Janusian security risk management',

[82] 'Embedded Academics and Counter-Insurgency in Iraq', Spinwatch, 07/12/05,

[83] 'Iraq', Parliamentary Debates, 10 November 2003,

[84] 'From the people who brought you Milton Keynes...', BBC, 20/02/06,

[85] 'Iraq', Parliamentary Debates, 01/12/05,

[86] 'Iraq appoints MerchantBridge to advise on the leasing of State-owned companies to the Private Sector', AME Info, 21/01/04,

[87] 'merchant banker MerchantBridge & Company Limited has launched Mansour Bank, a new commercial bank, in Iraq,' Khaleej Times, 23/09/2005,

[88] 'Case studies',

[89] DfID: 'Contracts let by Procurement Department' ,2003-2005,

[90] Mott MacDonald profile, UK Power Companies in Iraq, UKTI, June 2005

[91] 'Danger Money', Building Magazine, 19/03/04,

[92] 'Mott MacDonald in talks over army work in Iraq', Building Magazine, 10/02/06,

[93] 'Iraq', Parliamentary Debates, 10 November 2003,

[94] Development Assistance in Iraq: Interim Report, House of Commons International Development Committee, April 2005, p64; 'University of Nottingham lawyers to lead human rights training in Iraq', 28/05/04,

[95] 'FY2003 Reconstruction Contracts & Grants',

[96] 'Bechtel Awards Subcontracts But Iraq Work Slowed By Storms', Engineering News Record, 5/5/2003

[97] Van Dijk Bureau

[98] Rebuilding Iraq: Allum in the family, Private Eye,No. 1086, 8-21 August 2003

[99] Reconstruction of Iraq, Oct 2003,

[100] 'Contracts Let by Procurement Department June 2004',

[101] PA Consulting profile, Corporate Identity,

[102] 'Contracts Let by Procurement Department April 2005',

[103] 'Iraq Relief and Reconstruction Fund (IRRF) -- Major Project Contractors', , 'Australia turns to experts at PBPower',This is The NorthEast, September 14, 2004

[104] 'Petrel Signs Iraqi Contract', 02/12/05,

[105] 'Petrel Resources enters into Joint Venture to develop Subba & Luhais oil field', 06/01/06,

[106] Powertecnique profile, UK Power Companies in Iraq, UKTI, June 2005

[107] 'Powertecnique generates power in Southerrn Iraq', UKTI

[108] Powertecnique profile, UK Power Companies in Iraq, UKTI, June 2005

[109] 'Exhibitor list',

[110] 'Schneider Electric to stand trial in bribery case',SAPA, 13/12/03

[111] Iraq Bulletin 'good news stories', 07/05/04, FOI request, 16/11/05

[112] 'Serco wins Iraqi air traffic deal', Guardian, 03/03//04,2763,1160808,00.html

[113] 'How British charity was silenced on Iraq,' Guardian, 28/11/03, ,2763,1095116,00.html

[114] 'Shell In Talks With Iraq Govt On Oil Contracts', Dow Jones,16/02/06

[115] 'Shell form agreement for Kirkuk oil study (15/01/05)',

[116] 'Attacks halt rebuilding of Iraq', Guardian, 27/04/04,,2763,1204230,00.html

[117] 'Poor security 'threatens to reduce power supply targets'' FT, April 28, 2004

[118] Siemens profile, UK Power Companies in Iraq, UKTI, June 2005

[119] 'Iraq', Parliamentary Debates, 10 November 2003,

[120] ,,1103282,00.html

[121] 'JPM CONSORTIUM SELECTED TO HELP ESTABLISH AND OPERATE TRADE BANK OF IRAQ', 28/08/03,

[122] 'Interview with David Edwards', AmeInfo, 21/12/04,

[123] 'Who dares, wins', August 2003,

[124] 'Training firm wins US$ 10 million contract in Iraq', UKTI success stories

[125] 'Contracts Let by Procurement Department, 2003'

[126] UMS profile, 2004, IDP,

[127] 'Contracts Let by Procurement Department, 2004, DfID'

[128] 'Iraq', Parliamentary Debates, 10 November 2003,

[129] Weir profile, Power Companies in Iraq, UKTI, June 2005

[130] 'Scots firm on Iraq payments list', BBC, 27/10/05,